One of the simplest and most common of Islamic patterns, this design is little more than
an octagonal star in a rectangle (see construction in Figure 1). When the unit is repeated
however a second element, namely the cross, emerges (Figure 2).
The simplicity of this design makes it ideal for experimenting with distortions, but in this
instance only a basic colouring device has been used. Further developements will follow in due
The method of construction shown here is common to most pattern makers but for
reference it is also to be seen on page 15 of Geometric Concepts in Islamic Art by Issam
El-Said & Ayse Parman